2. Herbarium Specimen (unmounted, unlabeled or not completely dried glue or specimens receive no credit)
Label (follow the format and instructions for making labels in NA users’ manual online):
a) On acid-free paper? Glued well? Positioned correctly? (1-4 pt ea)
b) Taxon Block: All fields required; species, genus, and family IDs (2 pt ea), species or subspecific author (1 pt ea)
c) Location Block: Country, State, County, Municipality, Watershed, Locale Description, and Coordinates required;
Park or Campus name if appropriate (1 pt ea)
d) Organism Block: All fields required; Wild status, Phenology, DBH (incl. 0 cm when not reaching BH), Abun-
dance, Description (e.g., height, color of leaf, stem, flower, or fruit) (1 pt ea). Of the plant at that locality: not a
description out of a book, etc.
e) Formatted correctly? Did you use the template file to make them? (1-2 pt)
a) Stem and leaves present at minimum? (No credit if not)
b) Roots and all of plant present for plants small enough to fit onto sheet? (to 8 pt deduction)
c) Is the specimen fertile? (6 pt)
d) Flower, fruits, or sporangia: Exposed and clearly pressed? Attempt made to display one as dissected for educa-
tional value on herbarium sheet? (2 pt)
e) At least one of the leaves and the reproductive parts (e.g., fruit or flower) should be attached to the stem to show
how they are attached. (1 pt ea)
f) Leaves: top and bottom surfaces visible; pressed flat, spread apart and uncluttered (1 pt)
g) Does the specimen fit the sheet (it should not hang off of the sheet)? (1-4 pt)
h) Was the specimen dried properly in a press ( i.e., not wrinkled, etc.)? (to 8 pt deduction)
i) Glued well? Thicker parts will take more glue or sewing. (to 8 pt deduction)
D. Fieldbook Check: Your instructor reserves the right to ask for and check through your field notebook and to deduct up
to 20 points if it is not complete.
Appendix 2. Hypothetical project announcement where records are vouchered by photographs only. In
the class for which data are presented in this article, the project was worth 15% of the total course grade
and was equal to one midterm exam in points; thus, one can scale these point values up or down
accordingly if adopting a similar weighting scheme.
Bird Inventory Project (200 pts)
Towards the collective goal of knowing and mapping the avian fauna of Millersville, your task is to record geospatially explicit
observations and photographs of 10 wild birds from Millersville. These generally must add up to 10 separate species but, if any
two observations are of the same species, then they must be from different sexes and/or life history stages. All materials
(the photographs and their mapping on www.natureatlas.org, hereon as NA) are due in two months’ time, at 5:30 pm on
Nov 3 (late projects deducted 10% per 24 hr period).
A. Important Notes Regarding Academic Honesty:
1. Work to identify these alone.
2. Do not team up with others to record the "same" things. Although you can go out into the field with a classmate as a
travel companion, you cannot record the same species from those localities, and you cannot help each other with the
identifications. Do not swap photos and information with others to achieve your record quota.
B. Important Procedural Notes:
1. You must keep a notebook that describes all necessary information and this information must be taken at the time of
the observation. Your memory is not good enough otherwise and records with poor or faulty information are not
worthy of the Inventory Project.
2. Do not record captive birds, only birds in the wild.
3. Do not remove material from or disturb or handle the animal or its nest.
4. You will not receive credit for records which duplicate the species and sex of another of your records for this project.
5. Do not venture onto private property without the informed permission of the owner.
6. You may not use observations made together as a class, such as during a lab.