the smart fish are bred together and those that are more challenged in learning the reversal task are bred together? A similar
experiment can be conducted to see if fish that are exposed to
an environmental chemical pass on their learning difficulties to
the next generation as observed in lead-exposed zebrafish (Xu et
al., 2016). Life-stage learning abilities can be investigated to
model age-related cognitive decline in humans. We have developed a protocol for classroom breeding of zebrafish (see Tomasiewicz et al., 2014).
Using fish in T-mazes to study learning and memory has
many advantages for high schools. From generating enthusiasm
in laboratory experiences because students are using a live animal
to creatively meeting NGSS for Life Sciences, this easy-to-use,
inexpensive apparatus has the flexibility to meet many of the
needs teachers have in developing challenging examinations on
learning and memory.
This work was supported by a Science Education Partnership Award
(SEPA) grant from the Office of the Director, National Institutes of
Health (award no. GM129191). Content is solely the authors’
responsibility and does not necessarily represent official views of the National
Institutes of Health. We thank teachers and students for valuable feedback. Student-generated data from Brianna Karweick and Amanda
Linskins (Seymour Community High School, Seymour, WI) and
Sheridan Schaffer (Greendale High School, Greendale, WI) were provided with parental permission. The following Wisconsin high
schools field tested this module: Greendale (Amy Zientek, teacher),
Seymour (Cassandra Cobb and Carrie Schmidt, teachers), Hamilton
(Milwaukee; Kevin Schiebenes, teacher), Germantown (Stacey Bast
and Mark McClellan, teachers), and Wauwatosa East (Mary Haasch,
Science Club coordinator). Use of live animals in this module was
approved by the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Institutional
Animal Care and Use Committee. For more information about our
SEPA program, visit http://people.uwm.edu/winstep/.
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DANIEL N. WEBER ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is Senior Scientist, University of
Wisconsin-Milwaukee, RENEE A. HESSELBACH ( email@example.com) is
Outreach Specialist, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and DAVID H.
PETERING ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry
and Director of the Children’s Environmental Health Sciences Center,
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53204. CRAIG A. BERG
( email@example.com) is Professor of Science Education in the School of
Education, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201.