in such a study are motivated by the goals of the study, to improve
health and reduce the risk of disease by revealing behavior patterns
that can put people in the general population at risk.
These studies were of particular relevance not only to students
who worked on the project, but to those who heard about this in
their classes. New Jersey students can relate to purchasing food in
shopping malls. All students can appreciate the issues of foodborne illness, food safety among street food vendors, and the particular risks of exposure of health-care workers and vulnerable
There was a critical connection made in these projects between
the lack of compliance with the health code and bacterial contamination of the money that food workers handle while providing
food. The studies concluded that there is a need for strategies to
monitor and increase glove-changing habits of mobile food vendors
in an attempt to reduce the risk of foodborne illness.
The hands-on projects completed by the students bring the concepts taught in courses outside of the classroom and into the field
and the laboratory. The research design is flexible and can be modified
to involve larger numbers of students in a formal class or workshop
setting. These projects can motivate students to see connections and
to wonder about what is going on in the real world and how we can
intervene to improve health and well-being. We encourage science
instructors to team up with educators in health and other disciplines,
to enable students to see the links and influences of disciplines in our
Basch, C.H., Guerra, L.A., MacDonald, Z., Marte, M. & Basch, C.E. (2015).
Glove changing habits in mobile food vendors in New York City.
Journal of Community Health, 40, 699–701.
Basch, C.H., Wahrman, M.Z., MacLean, S.A., Quisido, A., Ponsica, C. & Patel,
N. (2018). Glove changing practices of mall food vendors in New Jersey.
Journal of Community Health, 43, 4–10.
Basch, C.H., Wahrman, M.Z., Shah, J., Guerra, L.A., MacDonald, Z., Marte, M. &
Basch, C.E. (2016). Glove changing when handling money:
observational and microbiological analysis. Journal of Community
Health, 41, 334–339.
Brouse, C.H., Basch, C.E. & Kubara, M.P. (2005). Contrast between didactic and
Deweyan approaches to health education. Health Education, 105, 467–476.
Fallace, T.D. (2016). John Dewey’s vision(s) for interdisciplinary social
studies. Social Studies Research and Practice, 11, 177–189.
Idexx Laboratories (n.d.). Coliform/ E.coliresultsin24hours.ht tps://www.
Wahrman, M.Z. (2016). Touch at your own risk. In The Hand Book:
Surviving in a Germ-Filled World. Lebanon, NH: University Press of
New England/ForeEdge Press.
MIRYAM Z. WAHRMAN ( email@example.com) is a Professor of Biology
and COREY H. BASCH ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is a Professor of Public Health
at William Paterson University of New Jersey, Wayne, NJ 07470.