(90%) and source type (90%). Even more of them felt they had
gained a grasp on the concept of peer review (93%).
Scientific literacy is a complex, multifaceted concept that is difficult
to define and thus difficult to assess. To sucessfully teach such a
complex issue, a multistep process is recommended. Such a process would allow students first to be introduced to the topics in a
specific assignment with a very detailed outlook and methodology.
Such an assigment boosts student confidence levels and has them
thinking about the issues associated with scientific literacy. This is
then reinforced in a more practical sense, so that the students are
subsequently able to directly apply their knowledge during a practical assigment. Such compounding assignments are highly effective
in senior-level science classes (Berzonsky & Richardson, 2008), and
could be further augmented by introduction of these courses in the
The authors wish to thank Dean DeNicola for conducting the statistical analysis and Amber Eade for proof reading this manuscript for
clarity. This project was approved by SRU IRB (protocol #2016-
032-08-A and #2017-025-08-A).
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SUSAN J. REHOREK ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is a Professor, and NICOLE J.
DAFOE ( email@example.com) is an Associate Professor in the Department
of Biology, Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania, Slippery Rock,
PA 16057, USA.